Why White Evangelical Voters Love Donald Trump : Code Switch : NPR

a photo collage of anti- and pro-Trump voters, with an elephant in the middle

Tanganyika Zinzani for NPR

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Tanganyika Zinzani for NPR

a photo collage of anti- and pro-Trump voters, with an elephant in the middle

Tanganyika Zinzani for NPR

One of the biggest storylines from the 2020 presidential race has … well, race at the center of it. If you paid attention to the stories about exit polling, you heard a lot of talk about how Latinx and Black voters showed up in bigger numbers this year than back in 2016. But on this week’s episode, we also focus on a conversation that’s not happening: The one about a group whose support for Donald Trump hasn’t wavered. We’re talking about the white vote, and in particular, white evangelical voters.

Trump’s support is overwhelmingly white, but no one goes harder for him than the white voters who have been the beating heart of the conservative movement for decades. No matter what happened over the last four years — Charlottesville, ‘sh*thole countries,” the disastrous handling of the coronavirus pandemic — about 80 percent of white evangelicals consistently approved of President Trump’s performance.

While their numbers have dwindled from 21 to 15% of the U.S. population, white evangelicals are a force to be reckoned with in politics, says Robert P. Jones, the author of White Too Long: The Legacy of White Supremacy in American Christianity and the CEO of the Public Religion Research Institute. They make up a little over a third of Republicans, Jones says, and have an outsized impact on elections, making up about a quarter of voters. That’s right—15% of Americans account for around 25% of those who turn out to vote.

We talked to Jones about the power of this voting bloc, and what that means for the national discussion around race in this country. Our conversation has been condensed and edited for clarity.

You said that the number of white evangelicals dropped from 21 to 15%. What’s happening there? Is that just attrition, people growing old and dying, or people no longer identifying as evangelical?

It’s a mix of those things. It’s more decline than would be accounted for than just simply generational replacement; there are lower birth rates, and so there are more people dying than are being born. So there is that dynamic. But what’s really turbocharged the drop in the last decade has been younger people leaving the group. So one of the other things we’re seeing is that, as [the group] is shrinking, it’s also becoming older. The median age has been ticking up; the median age now is in the high 50s in this group, and only around one in 10 are under the age of 30.

How different are white evangelicals from white voters in general? Do they have regional bases? How educated are they compared with white voters more broadly?

They are older, and they tend to be concentrated more in the South and the Midwest. So they’re more populous in those states.

But notably, if you talked to [a white evangelical person] a generation or two ago, they would have been less likely to have a college education than Americans as a whole. But there’s actually been a decent amount of upward mobility in this group.

And in fact, it’s actually tied to the lower birth rates; one of the things that has led to lower birth rates is more evangelical women getting college degrees, wanting a career and spacing out having kids. So we’re actually [finding] now that they’re roughly comparable to the country as a whole in terms of the number of who have four year college degrees.

In some of the recent polling data that you found before the election, eight in 10 white evangelicals said that they would vote for Trump. Given Trump’s very particular biography and demeanor, his appeal among white evangelicals is confusing for a lot of us who are not part of that world. So why have they embraced him so enthusiastically?

I think I’ve probably spent more time answering this question over the last four years than maybe any other question in my career. It is perplexing. And the reason it is perplexing is that this group has defined itself as so-called values voters, right. That’s the internal history there. But there are two things here.They have supported Republican candidates, no matter who they were, going all the way back to Reagan. So [their support for Trump] is not atypical. Now, it was notable that [white evangelical support of Trump] reached 81 percent in the exit polls in 2016, which was even higher than what George W. Bush got. And he was kind of one of their own, who himself identified as evangelical.

Trump’s appeal among this group really was a cultural appeal. It was really the “Make America Great Again” mantra. I think most of the power of that slogan was in the last word: again. It was hearkening back to a kind of 1950s America, where white Christians and particularly white Anglo-Saxon Protestants were more dominant in the society demographically and culturally. That’s also obviously before Brown v. Board of Education, desegregation and the civil rights movement. And it really had that power. I even started calling them nostalgia voters in the 2016 election cycle, because it was that backward pull that was really the real attraction.

In 2016, the question [about evangelicals] was: How could you vote for someone who’s been divorced and remarried multiple times, who talked about sort of sexually assaulting women, who paid off a porn star? I think the more relevant question for 2020 is: How could white evangelicals continue to support a candidate who has openly refused to call out white supremacist groups, who has said derogatory things around immigrants? Now, we’ve had four years of this: the denial of systemic racism, criticizing protesters and what can only be called really racist rhetoric. And I think the answer to that is that it’s actually part of the worldview that white evangelicals still hold. And so those kinds of appeals actually weren’t repellant; they were actually part of the attraction of Trump to white evangelicals.

You found that white evangelicals are the only religious group to think that Islam is at odds with American values. And while most Americans say that police are discriminatory towards Black folks, white evangelicals overwhelmingly do not think that’s the case. But there is a minority of white evangelicals who don’t feel that way, according to your survey data. What do we know about those white evangelicals? And why are they breaking with the wider evangelical world on issues around race?

It’s interesting. There are only modest age differences here, and the differences there do tend to be more along educational lines. Those with a four-year college degree tend to be more able, I think, to see these patterns of systemic racism. And in our survey, what we asked was: Do you think that the recent killing of African-Americans by police is part of a pattern of how police treat African-Americans? Or do you think they were isolated incidents?

And what we find is, overall, 7 in 10 white evangelicals say that these are just isolated incidents. They’re the only religious group with that level of kind of denial of systemic racism in policing. They’re also the only religious group that has not moved over the last five years. That’s worth saying as well: Other white Christian groups, like white Catholics and mainline Protestants for example, have moved 10 percentage points on this question. They’re much more likely to see this as part of a pattern and something that needs to be addressed, whereas white evangelicals remain as dug-in and really unmoved by five years of protest, by five years of more police shootings and police killings.

The other thing to say is it’s [somewhat about] education, but the biggest driver is partisanship. The 20% of evangelicals that identify as Democrats are by far the ones who are more likely to see this systemic racism.

Given this generational attrition, what does that mean for the power of white evangelicals going forward?

We’ll need a long horizon to see it. But there’s no doubt that the group is shrinking and aging, and that only means one thing for the future. There’s only so long it can really continue to hold up that kind of influence, just because the numbers simply won’t be there in that way.

If you look at the two political parties today, a third of the Republican Party is white evangelical. But if you add in the other white Christian groups, it’s about two thirds white and Christian. If you add in white Catholics and white mainline Protestants, the Democratic Party is only about one third white and Christian. And if you map those on to the generational cohorts, it means that the Republican Party, in terms of its racial and religious composition, looks something like 70-year-old America. And the Democratic Party in terms of the racial and religious composition, looks about like 30-year-old America.

And so, you know, if you’re thinking from a partisan lens or from a religious lens, this is not a long term recipe for power, really. I think sooner or later, there will have to be more of a political reckoning to rethink this trajectory in the Republican Party. Unfortunately, I think it’s going to take decisive losses at the national level that are probably of a magnitude bigger than the ones we’ve just seen, for that message to really sink in.

2020“小球大爱”启动 王楠领衔助力乡村学校体育事业

人民网北京12月22日电 12月21日,2020“小球大爱”公益计划暨乒乓球公益联赛卢龙站在秦皇岛市卢龙县体育馆正式开启。








Series of explosions target police in Kabul; at least 2 dead

Two other police were wounded when a bomb attached to their car exploded earlier Saturday in southern Kabul, Faramarz said.

A third magnetic bomb detonated in eastern Kabul but caused no casualties, he said.

There were reports of at least two other blasts elsewhere in the city but police had no immediate details.

The latest attacks came as Taliban and Afghan government negotiators held talks in Qatar, trying to hammer out a peace deal that could put an end to decades of war.

No one has immediately claimed responsibility for the attacks in Kabul. The Islamic State group has claimed responsibility for multiple attacks in the capital in recent months, including on educational institutions that killed 50 people, most of them students.

The talks in Doha have been suspended until early January and there is speculation they could be further delayed.

At the same time, Taliban militants have waged bitter battles against IS fighters, particularly in eastern Afghanistan, while continuing their insurgency against government forces and keeping their promise not to attack U.S. and NATO troops.

IS has also claimed responsibility for last week’s rocket attacks targeting the major U.S. base in Afghanistan. There were no casualties.

Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

What a pandemic Christmas looked like around the world

What a pandemic Christmas looked like around the world. Video, 00:01:36

科技助力冬奥 首都体育学院举办第三届中斯冰雪论坛



本次论坛采用线上和线下的方式同时进行,斯洛文尼亚教育科学体育部部长Prof. Simona Kustec、斯洛文尼亚奥委会主席Mr.Bogdan Gabrovec等嘉宾在线上发表了讲话;线下方面,国家体育总局副局长李颖川、斯洛文尼亚驻华大使苏岚、北京冬奥组委副秘书长徐志军及北京市教委一级巡视员黄侃参加了论坛并致辞。




These Candidates to qualify for Interview|Download PDF

IBPS Clerk/PO Result 2019-2020 to release soon at ibps.in after the Coronavirus Lockdown ends. Check here the factors which will decide qualification of candidates for Interview. Download Notification PDF here of IBPS Recruitment 2020 Provisional Allotment.

IBPS 2020

IBPS 2020

IBPS Clerk/PO Result 2020: Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) postponed the results of Provisional Allotment Merit List for IBPS PO/IBPS Clerk/IBPS SO recruitment 2019-2020 due to the Covid-19, Coronavirus outbreak in India. The new dates of the IBPS Results will be revealed later at ibps.in. Candidates who appeared for the IBPS PO/MT -VIII, IBPS Clerk- VIII and IBPS SO VIII Recruitment exams can check the official website for the result updates. Moreover, due to Coronavirus pandemic, IBPS Help Desk services will also be not available for some time until the further notice. Check below the official notice of the IBPS in this regard.

Earlier, the IBPS PO Mains scorecard was released containing the marks obtained by the candidates in the main examination held in November 2019. The provisional allotment or merit list of the IBPS PO 2019 Recruitment was about to  release soon. However, due to outbreak of deadly Covid-19, the IBPS had to postpone the result date.

Let’s have a look at the official notice of IBPS below:

IBPS Results 2020 postponed

IBPS PO Recruitment 2020

IBPS is expected to release the official notification regarding the IBPS PO 2020 Recruitment in the month of July or August 2020, as per previous years trends. Aspirants should frequently check the official website of the IBPS for updates regarding the upcoming bank recruitment 2020. To know the exam dates and calendar of IBPS 2020 Recruitment, visit the page mentioned below:


人民网北京12月23日电 国际篮联(FIBA)23日发布消息称,经国际篮联亚洲区办公室正式确认,印度尼西亚将成为2021年国际篮联亚洲杯主办国。这将是印度尼西亚史上第二次举办这项顶级赛事,上一次印度尼西亚举办亚洲杯是在1993年,当时中国队在决赛击败了韩国队,从而拿下球队第九个亚洲杯冠军。






Loan Moratorium to Liquidity Injection

RBI’s COVID-19 Regulatory Package: Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on March 27, 2020 announced a Regulatory Package on COVID-19 to tackle the impact of deadly Coronavirus on Indian Economy. From Repo Rate & CRR Cuts to 3-months moratorium on term loans, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das announced several measures while addressing the media after the release of Seventh Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement 2019-20.

RBI’s Regulatory Package is addressed to all the commercial banks, co-operative banks, financial institutions and Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) in the wake of COVID-19 outbreak. The financial package aims to mitigate the impact of Coronavirus on debt markets, infuse liquidity and ensure the functioning of possible businesses.

In this article, we have decoded the complete RBI’s package which answers all your queries and doubts related to the relief granted to term loan bearers. Let’s have a look at the measures announced by the RBI:

3-Months Moratorium on Term Loans

All the lending institutions including commercial banks, RRBs, co-operative banks, NBFCs and Financial Institutions have been asked to grant 3-months moratorium on the payment of installments under all term loans outstanding as on March 1, 2020.

What does it imply? – Now, the installments of term loans which were due on March 1, 2020 can be paid until May 31, 2020. The extension of payment is valid on installment as well as interest. The Interest will continue to add on the outstanding amount during the moratorium period.

Type of Payments covered under Moratorium: Principal , Interest, EMIs and Credit Card dues

Which loans are included under Term Loans?- Retail Loans, Agricultural Term And Crop Loans

Note: Retail Loans cover home loans, auto loans, personal loans, education loans and EMIs on purchase of mobiles, fridge, TV and gadgets, etc.

Deferment of interest payments for Business loans

The central bank has deferred the payment of interest for all business loans or working capital loans outstanding as on March 1, 2020 up to May 31, 2020. Businesses will be required to pay off the entire accumulated interest after the expiry of moratorium or deferment period.

Working Capital facilities: Loans granted in the form of cash credit or overdraft

Easing of Working Capital funding through recalculation of Drawing Power

Borrowers facing stress on repayment of working capital loans granted in the form of cash credit and overdraft due to Coronavirus outbreak will now be allowed to recalculate their drawing power. The drawing power can be reassessed by reducing the profit margins or working capital cycle. This relief will be granted until May 31, 2020.

Businesses which will be granted relief under this package will be placed under supervisory review to ensure that the economic fallout is due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Moratorium & Recalculation of Drawing Power will not result in Asset Classification downgrade

As the central bank is granting the moratorium or deferment or recalculation of drawing power facility due to economic slowdown cased by COVID-19 pandemic, this would not lead to reclassification of asset or asset classification downgrade. As this relief will not be considered as a concession or change in terms of loan agreements.

Asset Classification as NPA & SMA

The asset classification as Non-Performing Asset (NPA) and Special Mention Account (SMA) of term loans granted moratorium will be done on the basis of revised payment schedule of installments. On the other hand, the asset classification of working capital loans will be carried out on the basis of total accumulated interest.

Reschedule of loan repayment to not impact credit score

The revised schedule of payment of installments and interest will not be considered as a default. This will not adversely impact the credit score or history  of the borrowers.

Banks & Lending Institutions to frame policies for COVID-19 Package

All the lending institutions including commercial banks and NBFCs need to frame policies, approved by the Board, to provide relief under the COVID-19 Regulatory Package to eligible borrowers.

Banks to prepare MIS Report if loan amount is over Rs 5 crore

If the pending loan amount is over Rs 5 crore as on March 1, 2020, the banks and lending institutions will have to prepare an MIS Report containing the details of relief granted and borrower-wise details.

Other Measures announced in Bi-monthly Monetary Policy statement

– The repo rate cut by 75 basis points to 4.4 percent.

– The reverse repo rate reduced to 4 percent.

– Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) reduced by 100 basis points to 3 percent to inject liquidity.

– Liquidity of Rs 3.74 lakh crore injected

Now, Have a look at these questions and answers to clarify your doubts related to the relief granted under the package:

Q1, When will RBI’s COVID-19 regulatory package come into effect?

Answer: RBI’S rescue package to contain the economic slowdown caused by COVID-19 comes into effect from March 27, 2020 itself.

Q2. Who all will be able to enjoy moratorium under the RBI’s regulatory package?

Answer: Home loan borrowers, car loan borrowers, personal loan borrowers, education loan borrowers, agricultural loan borrowers, crop loan borrowers

Q3. Does Moratorium apply to EMIs and Credit Card dues?

Answer: Yes, the 3-month moratorium applies to Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs) and Credit Card dues.

Q4. Is the RBI’s regulatory package applicable to all private and public sector banks?

Answer: Yes, the package applies to all the commercial banks including the private and public sector banks. However, each bank has to frame its own policy in regard with the package.

Q5. What is Drawing Power?

Answer: The Drawing power is the limit of amount that can be withdrawn by a business from the sanctioned working capital limit. This amount is calculated on the basis of firm’s primary security less profit margin.

Q6. What is Working Capital?

Answer: Working Capital is the amount required by businesses to carry out their day-to-day operations. The Working Capital is calculated as Current Assets less Current Liabilities.

Thank You, Next : Code Switch : NPR

Family tensions can bubble to the surface during the holidays, especially after a divisive election.

Daniel Fishel for NPR

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Daniel Fishel for NPR

Family tensions can bubble to the surface during the holidays, especially after a divisive election.

Daniel Fishel for NPR

It’s Thanksgiving week, and like basically everything else about 2020, this holiday is on track to be…let’s call it “different.” But while the world has changed in innumerable ways this year, one thing that hasn’t changed is that the country is deeply politically divided. And those divisions and tensions run right through a lot of families preparing to gather around a Thanksgiving dinner table. (By “gather around a table,” we of course mean, “sit on your couch while balancing your laptop on one knee and your Boston Market holiday feast on the other.”)

So on the pod this week, we’re revisiting our attempt to answer the age-old Thanksgiving question: How do you deal with family members who have really, really different political beliefs than you? We first tackled this question back in 2016, right after Donald Trump was elected president — remember that? And somehow, the fraughtness of talking politics with loved ones seems to have gotten even more intense than it was when we first aired the episode. Yet we persist.

And while you’re here, here are some of our favorite vintage pieces about Thanksgiving from the Code Switch blog and our play cousins across NPR. Feel free to browse through them when you need a distraction from your problematic uncle going on a Zoom diatribe.

For Many Native Americans, Fall Is The Least Wonderful Time Of The Year

Former NPR news assistant Savannah Maher is a citizen of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Nation, and over the years, she’s had to answer the same question every fall — “Do Indians celebrate Thanksgiving?” Between that, football season and Columbus Day, autumn is fraught for Native folks, she wrote back in 2017: “To be Indigenous in fall is to feel hyper-exposed and, at the same time, invisible.”

How To Enjoy Thanksgiving Without Swallowing The Stereotypes

As part of our “Ask Code Switch” column, editor Leah Donnella tackled a question from a parent uneasy about passing on Thanksgiving traditions to her young son, thanks to the holiday’s messy origins. Leah’s advice? Make sure Thanksgiving isn’t your children’s introduction to Indigenous people — and make sure you’re exposing them to books and knowledge about contemporary Native folks, lest your kids mistakenly get the impression that Native culture is a thing of the past.

A Code Switch Thanksgiving Feast

On this 2017 Thanksgiving episode of the pod, we talked to Lin-Manuel Miranda about Puerto Rico, a parenting expert about tense family gatherings, and a Native professor about the truth behind the holiday. And for desert, the debate of our time: pumpkin pie or sweet potato pie? [Editor’s note: Let’s bring pecan back into the discourse.]

This Thanksgiving, Looking Forward To A Respite From The Hydrant Of Terribleness

Some things never really change, do they? Back in 2016, co-host Gene Demby wrote about looking forward to a Thanksgiving meal with family, after the awfulness that was the 2016 presidential election cycle, writing: “The only real rancor I expect will be directed at the surprisingly and irritatingly, not-currently-mediocre Dallas Cowboys, who we, as proper Philadelphians, have been raised to rightly detest.” Large gatherings with family and friends? We really didn’t know how good we had it back in 2016.

Cross-Cultural Menu Ideas For A Code Switch Thanksgiving

It’s no secret that most Thanksgiving food, prepared the traditional (white) American way, is trash. So we put out a call to our readers: How do you make your turkey taste…well, not bland and dry? How do you make your mashed potatoes pop? And how do you avoid making turkey sandwiches for days from leftovers? And boy, did our readers deliver some delicious, cross-cultural answers, ranging from tandoori turkey to using mofongo as a stuffing. Dig in.

What Educators Need To Know About Teaching Thanksgiving

For many Americans, the beginning of their (mis-)education about Thanksgiving takes place in school. (Odds are that you did some arts and crafts featuring Pilgrim hats and feather headdresses, right?) So in this 2018 article, Mayowa Aina talked to educators about how they teach the story of Thanksgiving — and how schools all over the country can do better. Some takeaways? Bring Native perspectives and stories into the classroom, and don’t just talk about Native history when fall rolls around.

Happy (Harm Reduction) Thanksgiving!

As COVID cases are spiking to never-before-seen levels across the country, public health experts have begged people to stay home for Thanksgiving. But knowing that people will still be gathering with their friends and family, our play cousins at Short Wave put together a guide to harm reduction on Turkey Day to downgrade the risk of getting sick. If you’re dead set on gathering with other people this year, take a listen.

How To Make Better, Prettier Pies: Advice From Self-Taught Baker Lauren Ko

On a lighter note, our own Shereen Marisol Meraji joined NPR’s Life Kit podcast to talk a topic near and dear to our hearts: pie! She spoke to Lauren Ko, author of the new cookbook Pieometry, about her tips for upgrading your dessert game. Our mouths are watering just looking at the pictures of beautifully sculpted pie.

Business review of 2020: Covid-19 and Trump

You can listen to Martin Webber’s

Business Review of 2020 on World Business Report, BBC World Service.